Renee, Austin G., Jacob R., Fernando, Dylan, Albert, Jenna, Teki

The government of Iowa
Branches in Government
There are three branches of government in Iowa. There are Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches.
The Legislative Branch
The Legislative branch makes laws for the nation. The main lawmaking part of this branch is known as Congress. Congress is made up of two parts: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The Executive Branch
The Executive branch makes sure that people follow the laws that the Legislative branch establishes. The leaders of this branch are the President and the Vice-President. When making important decisions, the President often asks for advice from a group of 15 helpers,
known as the Cabinet.
The Judicial Branch
When people are unsure about the meaning of a law, the Judicial branch listens to many opinions and then makes a decision. The judicial branch is made up of courts. The highest of these courts is the U.S. Supreme Court.
Our current governor is Terry Branstad. Our representatives at the federal level are Senator Charles Grassley and Representatives Steve King and Thomas Latham.
Our representatives at state level are Tom Shaw, Gary Worthan, Senator John p. Kibbie, and Senator Steve Kettering.

Making Laws
Making laws is a very important job for the government. The first step in making a law is raising an issue. Next, amendments are made to the bill. Once the bill passes on the floor, it is sent to the opposite side, the House or the Senate for further modification and for a vote. Almost always, further changes are made to the original language. These compromises can win or lose votes. If an agreement is reached between the House and the Senate, the bill is passed to be presented to the governor for his signature. If no compromise is reached, the bill will be rejected and both sides are sent back to the drawing board. The Supreme Court decides cases by a majority vote and its decisions are always final.

If a law is vetoed, it means that the governor said that the bill should not become a law. The bill is then sent to congress to be voted on again. If 2/3 of the people who vote on it say yes, the bill becomes a law.

The Iowa Capitol
The capital building is a very important place for the state of Iowa. It was completed in 1886 and is costed about $2,873,294.59. It is very amazing inside and out, and it has many historical facts and figures. One of the amazing models in the capitol is the U.S.S. Iowa ship. It is about 18 feet long and approximately 1,350 pounds. It actually took two years to make the model, but only one year to make the real thing. Another attraction is the case of dolls. Each doll represents an Iowa Governor’s wife, and is dressed in a miniature replica of the gown fashioned for what each lady would wear to the ball when their husband was governor.

Interesting facts about the Capitol
Some interesting facts about the capitol are that the number of crystals in each chandelier in the house chamber is 5,600. Another one is that there are 298 steps from the second floor to the dome. The height of the dome is 275 feet above the floor. Did you know that there are actually 29 different types of marble used in the interior? The dome is covered in a very thin gold leaf. The gold leaf is so thin that if you went up to the dome, scraped of all of the leaf, and rolled it into a ball, it would only be the size of a baseball! The sizes, numbers, and heights of the capitol building are very shocking. Iowa surely is an amazing place!

This is the capitol today in Des Moines
This is the old capital in Iowa City
This is the House of Representatives

This is the "Ceiling" of the capitol